Sensory Processing Disorder

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Sensory Processing Disorder

Sensory-Processing-DisorderHow do you understand and know if your child has SPD?

  • Child might show problems in eating.
  • Refuses cuddling/hugging or resist people to hug or kiss. Might allow familiar people like mother, father.
  • Disturbances in sleep patterns/less sleep time or longer sleep time or problem in falling asleep or staying asleep.
  • Feels uncomfortable with certain type of clothes.
  • Child might have floppy body, Bumps into things, seems to show less balance.
  • Has difficulty in potty and potty training.
  • Overacts for simple touch or small hit.
  • Doesn’t react at all when touched or hit.
  • Delayed or skipped milestones (crawling, standing).
  • Over reacts for smells sounding words, reinterprets.
  • Loves or completely hates bright lights or bright surroundings.
  • Demands more physical activities.

These are common features and symptoms seen in children with SPD. Some children show all these symptoms or some children show one or two sensory problem.

What is SPD and why is it important to screen a child to know if child has SPD?

SPD is originally called sensory integration dysfunction. It is a neurological disorder in which the sensory information that the individual perceives results in abnormal responses.

Normal System
Nervous System——Receives message responds from senses.

Nervous System—Receives messages—Interprets wrongly or misinterprets or get mixed up—Responds.

That is sensory input from environment or from one’s body is poorly detected modulated or interpreted or a typical responses.


  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Tactile
  • Of factory
  • Gustatory
  • Vestibular
  • Proprioception
  • Interception

One of the subtypes of SPD is (SMD) sensory Modulation Disorder.

  1. Over responsiveness
  2. Under responsiveness
  3. Sensory Seeking


  • SI has to be provided by trained occupational therapist (Sensory integration –SI)
  • OT exposes a child to sensory stimulation through repetitive activities. Gradually making it more challenging and complex.
  • Sensory diets balance treatments, structured exposure to sensory input movement therapy.

For enquiries related to Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), send a message to

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